Tal av biståndsminister Isabella Lövin: Implementing the New Development Framework in Countries Affected by Conflict and Fragility
Förenta Nationerna, New York, 28 september 2015
Det talade ordet gäller
Seventy years ago, the United Nations was founded after the most dreadful and horrendous war the modern world had ever seen. It was founded with the hope of being able to prevent and intervene in conflicts between nations and to make future wars impossible, or at least limited. This was the core purpose of the grand idea of uniting the world under a common roof and a joint institution.
Today, we have gathered here on the margins of what the Secretary-General has called the most important event since the founding of this institution. And I personally share the Secretary-General’s view. Because looking at the world of today, we see that we share the same goals as the founding members of the UN. But we also see new challenges as well as new possibilities ahead of us. This is why the Sustainable Development Goals are so important – because they are universal, in terms of both ambition and responsibility. They bring new energy to the UN and its members. And of course, SDG goal number 16 on peaceful societies is at the core of the agenda. Implementing the new goals will be a particular challenge for countries in conflict and fragility – but it must be done. This is where poverty is taking root today. This is where the flaws of our international community are the most visible and perhaps the most painful. This is where the work must start.
A couple of weeks ago I visited the world’s largest refugee camp, Dadaab in northeast Kenya, close to the Somali border, hosting more than 350 000 Somali refugees. Many of them have been there since 1991. What hope can the international community bring to them? What opportunities can we provide? These must be the core questions that have to be answered, and this is where the work of the New Deal takes off.
What needs to be done?
I would like to address three things that need to be done, now that the new sustainable development agenda is in place.
First of all:
The SDGs are universal and it is therefore the responsibility of all governments to make sure that national policies work towards SDG fulfilment. That is why my government takes a whole-of-government approach to the implementation of the SDGs. This means that we pledge to look at how all policy areas contribute to equitable global development. The new goals also affirm the importance of the 0.7 per cent target of ODA/GNI to developing countries, and I am proud to say that Sweden has consistently advocated and delivered on even more than this, with our 1 per cent of GNI commitment to development aid and our hope that this will serve as an example to others.
The International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding has an important role to play, and I am proud to be co-chairing it along with Minister of Finance Marah. Through implementation of the New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States we have gained knowledge and learned lessons that will be crucial when implementing the SDGs. Not least the experience from fragile-to-fragile cooperation is invaluable.
When it became clear that it was difficult for countries in conflict and fragility to deliver on the MDGs, the answer was the New Deal for Fragile States. We can be proud that the cornerstones of the New Deal are now incorporated in the SDGs.
The five Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Goals of the New Deal rest on solid ground. If we were to reinvent them, we would probably come up with the same result:
3) Rule of law
5) Good institutions and service delivery.
The New Deal’s five Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Goals rest on solid ground, and they continue to constitute the cornerstone of our work. The fact that these insights are now reflected in the new global development agenda puts us in a better position than ever to effect real and lasting change in conflict-affected countries through international development efforts.
Last but not least:
As Minister for International Development Cooperation I am constantly reminded that conflict and violence is a major threat to sustainable peace and development. Therefore, I regard my participation in the international dialogue as one of my most important tasks. I am committed to making all Swedish bilateral and multilateral aid conflict-sensitive. In practice, this means that from now on, all Swedish support must be systematically underpinned by an analysis of conflict and fragility. I challenge other donors to do the same. Let’s make the new deal a new deal for peace.