Anförande av Isabella Lövin vid FN:s högnivåmöte om hanteringen av omfattande migrations- och flyktingströmmar
Rundabordsdiskussion om hur de underliggande orsakerna till de omfattande migrationsströmmarna kan hanteras, New York den 19 september.
Det talade ordet gäller.
Excellencies, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen,
In a world increasingly characterised by conflict, climate change, and extremism, where we are witnessing the largest number of refugees since World War II, we need to think innovatively and boldly about how to address the root causes fuelling forced displacement. This summit and the round table discussion here today show that we have moved forward in thinking about issues of large movements of refugees and their root causes more cohesively. At the same time, the international community needs to scale up its efforts in tackling the factors that trigger forced displacement in order to break the current trajectory. Sweden would like to highlight four areas in particular.
Firstly, we need to recognise that the solution to violence and poverty is not humanitarian. It is political.
We need to be much better at preventing fragile and conflict-affected countries continuing to relapsing into violence. There is a framework for this developed by fragile states and donor countries: the New Deal for Peace, reaffirmed in the Stockholm declaration adopted earlier this year – a tool to implement the Global Goals in the most complex settings. The tools are there – what we need is political will to implement them, and for donor countries to better coordinate their efforts and to engage in long-term development, not only in short-term projects. The New Deal identifies 5 areas that we should focus on: political inclusiveness, justice, security, jobs, and social services.
Secondly, multiple root causes of forced displacement are linked to climatic and environmental degradation.
Climate change is a threat multiplier that can aggravate existing tensions and divisions within a society and among nations. It strikes disproportionally at the most vulnerable and poor people of the world and adversely affects security in fragile settings.
As such, Sweden aims to ensure that the UNSC coherently includes climate analyses and sustainable solutions to the root causes fuelling conflicts. Sweden has also made a commitment to streamline all of its development cooperation to be climate-friendly and conflict-sensitive, both to support developing countries becoming more resilient to droughts, flooding and extreme weather, and to help them leapfrog to the future renewable energy market, which is absolutely key.
Thirdly, empower women and girls.
Act feminist. Sixteen years on from the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security, one can firmly state that the promotion of gender equality is not only a matter of women's rights, but also a matter of ensuring peace and security for all.Nothing can be discussed about women without women.
Fourthly – we need to bridge the gap between humanitarian aid and long-term development.
As a concrete example, earlier this year Sweden launched a USD 200 million development strategy for the Syria crisis to complement and seek synergies with our significant humanitarian aid in Syria and neighbouring countries. The strategy seeks to strengthen resilience among the Syrian population and host communities in neighbouring countries, which have received large groups of refugees, by strengthening local capacity, creating livelihoods, supporting human rights defenders and addressing gender-based violence.
We are also planning to give additional core funding of MUSD 16 to UNCHR this year.
Ladies and gentlemen, we need to fully integrate migration and refugee analyses into the way we think about international development cooperation. Migration and refugee issues cut across many policy areas. Today, and in the future, we need long-term commitment, interaction and utilisation of all tools at hand.